Russia's insistence on paying for Russian gas in rubles has rattled European countries: Greece held an emergency meeting of suppliers, the Dutch government would urge consumers to use less gas, and the French energy regulator told consumers not to panic. Russian gas meets one-third of Europe's annual energy needs.
Russia said they could expand their demand for ruble payments for other commodities, including oil, grain, fertilizer, coal, and metals, which raised the risk of recession in Europe and the US.
Moscow is expected to unveil its ruble payment plan in early April, but it said it would not immediately ask buyers to pay for gas in rubles.
Western countries have said paying in rubles would be a breach of contract, and renegotiation could take months or longer. This uncertainty has pushed commodity market prices higher.
The supply and prices of other commodities like the Hastelloy X alloy could also be affected.
What is GH3536 superalloy (Hastelloy X alloy)
GH3536 (Hastelloy X alloy) is a nickel-based superalloy with high iron content mainly solid solution strengthened by chromium and molybdenum. It has good oxidation resistance and corrosion resistance, and has moderate durability and creep below 900 ℃. Strength, cold and hot workability and good weldability. Used in the manufacture of combustion chamber parts and other high-temperature parts of aero-engines, long-term use below 900 °C, and short-term operating temperature can reach 1080 °C. The main varieties supplied are plates, strips, pipes, bars, forgings, rings and precision castings.
GH3536 (Hastelloy X alloy) process performance and requirements
GH3536 (Hastelloy X alloy) formability alloy has good cold and hot forming
properties. Forging heating temperature 1170℃±10℃, final forging temperature not
lower than 950℃; slab hot rolling heating temperature 1150℃±10℃, final rolling
temperature not lower than 850℃; ring hot rolling heating temperature 1170℃±10℃
GH3536 (Hastelloy X alloy) welding performance This alloy has good welding process performance, and can be welded by argon arc welding, seam welding and spot welding. HGH3536 or HGH3113 wire is recommended for argon arc welding.
The microstructure of the alloy in the solid solution state is an austenite matrix with a small amount of TiN and M6C carbides. After long-term aging at 700～900℃, the main precipitation phases are M12C and M3B2, accompanied by trace μ phase and L phase. After aging at 700℃ for 200h, a small amount of σ phase appeared, but after aging at 800℃, the σ phase did not exist, and a small amount of M23C6 was precipitated, and sometimes a small amount of L phase appeared. Therefore, the alloy exhibits a certain degree of age hardening after long-term aging, which reduces the plasticity and the high temperature strength.
KMPASS is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12 years experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials. The company export to many countries, such as USA, Canada, Europe, UAE, South Africa, Tanzania,Kenya,Egypt,Nigeria,Cameroon,Uganda,Turkey,Mexico,Azerbaijan,Belgium,Cyprus,Czech Republic,Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Dubai, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia,Germany, France, Italy, Portugal etc. As a leading nanotechnology development manufacturer, KMPASS dominates the market. Our professional work team provides perfect solutions to help improve the efficiency of various industries, create value, and easily cope with various challenges. If you are looking for Hastelloy X alloy powder, please send an email to: firstname.lastname@example.org
The resurgence of the global COVID-19 pandemic and the impact of the Russia-Ukraine conflict continued to cause high volatility in commodity prices. Stubbornly high inflation and rising commodity prices are likely to influence each other and thus push each other higher. The price of the Hastelloy X alloy may not decrease significantly in the short term.
People need to know if graphite is toxic to humans and its potential effects on our health so that they can take immediate action if needed.…
all graphite materials obtained by organic carbonization and then graphitization at high temperature can be called artificial graphite, such as carbon fiber, pyrolytic carbon, foamed graphite, etc…
Accelerating agent is to point to the admixture that can make concrete condenses quickly after concrete hardening. Early strength agent refers to the admixture which can improve the early strength of concrete and has no significant effect on the lat…